Social Anxiety (2)

This paper provides a brief overview of social anxiety and its treatment. There are several psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacological treatment options. Often, a combination of the two leads to superior results. Special emphasis is given to a communication-oriented approach. Since communication is the mechanism which is impaired, communication is also the instrument how the condition and the debilitating symptoms that come with it can be reversed.

Keywords: social anxiety, anxiety, treatment, communication, communication-focused therapy (CFT), CBT, psychodynamic psychotherapy, psychotherapy, psychiatry

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Social Anxiety (2) Christian Jonathan Haverkampf – common mental health conditions series

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Anxiety and Panic Attacks (5)

Abstract – Anxieties can cause incredible suffering, especially in combination with panic attacks, which are usually a short-lived but more intense form of anxiety. At the foundation is often a subconscious, or sometimes partially conscious, feeling that something in life is ‘out of sync’. Anxiety is often triggered by interpersonal difficulties, such as relationship breakups or human problems at the work place. The less one has a good sense of oneself, one’s values, interests and needs, the more difficult interactions and communication with others can become, the lower is one’s resilience in conflicts and situations of divergent interests. All this can induce and maintain anxiety. While a predisposition for anxiety has been shown on the molecular biological and the epidemiological level, it usually is triggered and maintained by conflicts on the inside or the outside. Psychotherapy has been shown to be very effective in treating anxiety disorder and panic attacks.

Keywords: anxiety, panic attacks, psychotherapy

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Anxiety and Panic Attacks (5) Christian Jonathan Haverkampf

Facing One’s Fears (3)

Fear can save one from doing something harmful, but it can also hold one back from doing things one likes and needs to do. In many psychiatric conditions fear and anxiety become a major problem in themselves. Identifying wants, needs and values together with better communication are effective ways to deal with harmful fears and anxieties.

Keywords: fear, anxiety, psychotherapy, treatment, communication

 

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Facing One’s Fears (3) Ch Jonathan Haverkampf

Anxiety and Panic Attacks

Anxieties can cause incredible suffering, especially in combination with panic attacks, which are usually a short-lived but more intense form of anxiety.

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by feelings of anxiety and fear. Anxiety is a worry about future events and fear is a reaction to current events. These feelings may cause physical symptoms, such as a fast heart rate and shakiness. There are a number of anxiety disorders: including generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, panic disorder, and selective mutism. Often the same individual has more than one anxiety disorders, but in many cases, there might only be one type.

Panic Attack

The first panic attack can occur as from nowhere and the sudden sense of imminent death or literally going crazy usually comes as an enormous and sudden shock. In many cases, it has five stages:

  1. An ominous feeling of an imminent panic attack. A heightened sense of self-consciousness with beginning hyperventilation and other symptoms.
  2. The sense that there is no way to avert the full-blown panic attack.
  3. The panic attack with hyperventilation, heart palpitations, the sense of imminent doom and/or death.
  4. Alternations in the intensity of the panic attack, leading to a decline after about ten minutes.
  5. A post-panic phase in which there is a sense of exhaustion and sometimes elation that it is over.

Since the first panic attack often occurs in adolescence or young adulthood, the individual might not know what a panic attack is. In older people, panic attacks often lead to visits to the hospital emergency admission.

 

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Anxiety and Panic Attacks (2)

 

Dr Jonathan Haverkampf, M.D. MLA (Harvard) LL.M. trained in medicine, psychiatry and psychotherapy and works in private practice for psychotherapy, counselling and psychiatric medication in Dublin, Ireland. The author can be reached by email at jonathanhaverkampf@gmail.com or on the websites www.jonathanhaverkampf.com and www.jonathanhaverkampf.ie.

This article is solely a basis for academic discussion and no medical advice can be given in this article, nor should anything herein be construed as advice. Always consult a professional if you believe you might suffer from a physical or mental health condition. Trademarks belong to their respective owners. No checks have been made.

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